Sabbath day

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: The Day of the Creator

The memorial day of the mighty creator – the Sabbath. This holy and blessed day finds its origin since the creation of the world as the day of rest. It is the weekly worship day for the people of God who look forward to the eternal rest in the kingdom of heaven.

Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.

Genesis 2:1-3 

God created the heavens and the earth in six days, and He rested on the seventh day. God blessed the seventh day and made it holy.

“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

Exodus 20:8-11 

In the time of Moses, when the Ten Commandments were given, the fourth commandment legislated was to “remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy”. The Bible warns us not to add or subtract even the smallest letter from the Bible.

I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this scroll: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to that person the plagues described in this scroll. And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll.

Revelation 22:18-19

Hence, when we abide by the law of the Sabbath, we should keep it on the seventh day of the week, and not change it to a day of our own choosing. Then, in our present weekly system, which day of the week is it?

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: The Holy and Blessed Sign of God’s People

This Will Be a Sign Between Me and You

The Sabbath is a holy and blessed day for the people of God. It is the everlasting sign God had made between Him and His people, so we may come to know Him.

 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the Lord, who makes you holy.

Exodus 31:12-13

 I am the Lord your God; follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.”

Ezekiel 20:19-20

We can know that God is love and that He spares no effort to save us. He is still creating us to become new creations in Christ who are holy (2 Corinthians 5:17). For about 6,000 years now, since the time of Adam, God has been working day and night (John 5:17). To complete this work of making us complete and bringing us into the eternal rest in heaven, He commanded us, “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy” (Exodus 20:8).

Blessed is the One Who Does This

Not only does the Sabbath contain the promise of eternal rest, God even said that those who keep this holy day will receive blessings.

This is what the Lord says: “Maintain justice and do what is right, for my salvation is close at hand and my righteousness will soon be revealed. Blessed is the one who does this—the person who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath without desecrating it, and keeps their hands from doing any evil.” … And foreigners who bind themselves to the Lord to minister to him, to love the name of the Lord, and to be his servants, all who keep the Sabbath without desecrating it and who hold fast to my covenant—these I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer …

Isaiah 56:1-7

God promised overflowing blessings and joy, even to foreigners. Truly God’s love and grace are immeasurable!

According to the prophecy that non-Israelites will come to God on the Sabbath, the World Mission Society Church of God is seeing people from around the world keeping the holy Sabbath day and receiving God’s blessings. And for this, we are truly thankful.

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: Changed in History

Today, most churches keep worship on Sunday, calling it “Sunday service”. Sabbath is lesser known, and even for people who have heard about it, the exact origin and significance of it are usually unclear. This is because, during the long history of Christianity, this law of God was suppressed, changed, and eventually, forgotten by us.

The Sabbath Day Was Banned

In A.D. 135, the Roman Empire issued a ban against the Sabbath. Why did the Romans ban the worship day of one of its colonies, namely Israel, at that time?

1) Temporary Ban against the Sabbath

As the Roman Empire conquered many nations in the Mediterranean region, many religions of different races went under their rule and, subsequently, changed to adapt to their new central government. However, the Jews constantly triggered concerns from the Romans as they refused to worship the Roman Emperor or give offerings to the empire. This was one of the reasons for conflicts.

Around A.D. 40, the Romans set up a statue of the emperor in the church in Egypt. However, the Jews were against this act and started a riot. This resulted in the temporary ban of the keeping of Sabbath.

2) Continued Strifes

The disputes between the Roman government and the Jews continued. In A.D. 66-73, the First Jewish-Roman War occurred. Also known as the Great Revolt, it was the first of three major rebellions by the Jews against the Roman Empire1). In A.D. 115-117, the second rebellion known as Kitos War happened2), and the third was Bar Kokhba’s Revolt during A.D. 132-1363).

Afterwards, the Romans drove the Jews out of Jerusalem and started building many pagan shrines there. Around that period, the name of Jerusalem was changed to “Aelia Capitolina” and Judea, “Philistine”; and the Temple of Jerusalem was turned into a site that worshipped Jupiter4).

3) Ban against the Sabbath

The continuous rebellions deepened the hatred between the Roman Empire and the Jews. To break up their unity, the Romans issued a ban on the Sabbath day in A.D. 135 to prevent the Jews from gathering together5).

Meanwhile, this action against the Jews had a greater impact on the Christians instead. Even though Christianity and Judaism were different religions, the Romans didn’t make much distinction between the two as both kept the Sabbath and both worshipped the same, one God. Christianity was taken as a denomination of Judaism, especially since many Christians were Jews at that time. Hence, the Christians were also prohibited from gathering on the Sabbath. Under such circumstances, the Jews started having secret gatherings among the family. The Christians, on the other hand, could not do so as they had to gather around a leader who could teach them the Bible. Finally, they were driven into holding secret meetings.

The Sabbath Day Was Persecuted

1) Rumours

According to the Law of the Twelve Tables issued by the Roman empire, “no person shall hold meetings in the City at night”6). This made Christians look impure for gathering on the Sabbath. Consequently, all kinds of rumours were laid on them.

After some of and Christians’ pagan slaves falsely accuse the Christians of “thyestean feasts and Oedipodean intercourse, and other things which it is not right for us either to speak of or to think of or even to believe that such things could ever happen among men”, the persecution begin to intensify.

Figure 1. Rumours pertaining to the early day Christians, recorded in the book “The Suffering Servant: Isaiah 53 in Jewish and Christian Sources”7), Eusebius, “The Ecclesiastical History”, p242

2) Being Driven Out

As such, they were rejected and shunned by their friends, and could not even do daily work.

None can tell to you in speech or fully set forth to you in writing the weight of out misery, the madness and rage of the Gentiles against the saints, and all that hath been suffered by the blessed martyrs.

Figure 2. Sufferings of the saints recorded in A letter from Gaul, from the book “The Great Events by Famous Historians”8)

They were cast into the darkest and most unendurable place in their prison; their feet were dragged out and compressed to the utmost tension of the muscles; the jailers, as if instigated by a demon, tried every sort of torture, insomuch that several of suffocation in prison.

Figure 2. Sufferings of the saints recorded in A letter from Gaul, from the book “The Great Events by Famous Historians”8)

Sabbath was the only comfort in their hard lives and the steps towards the kingdom of heaven. In the early days, keeping the Sabbath required great endurance to the point of death.

The Christians started gathering in catacombs, which were public underground burial places, and they kept worship there. However, even in such a situation, they could not even feel relieved there. That was because they had to be ready to flee from Roman soldiers anytime.

As time passed by, the Christians started growing more and more weary. When forced to worship Roman gods in shrines, most of them worshiped to survive. Some fled to mountains and lived ascetic lives. Many who were bounded to their physical lives were weighted between faith and reality.

The Sabbath Day Was Changed

1) Dialecticians: Mentioned “Sunday” to Win the Favour of the Emperor

In around A.D. 150, there was a group of people who actively defended Christianity in Rome. They were the Dialecticians (Christians, former philosophers, who spoke on behalf of Christianity).

One prominent figure was Justin Martyr (A.D. 110-165). He mentioned that the Sabbath of the Jews and that of the Christians are different, and that it was unfair for the Christians to be persecuted due to the Sabbath day.

In his apology to the Roman Emperor Pius on behalf of the Christians, he mentioned a few times “Sunday,” the day of the Sun which the Emperor was fond of. What was the reason for mentioning “Sunday”? Justin expected to win the favour of the Roman emperor and citizens by emphasizing “Sunday”, the worship day of the Sun. Justin drew the line between Sunday observance and Christianity based on the fact that the creation of the world began on the first day of the week, and then, also, that Jesus rose on that day. However, such ways of justification are non-biblical. Moreover, the roots of Sunday worship are clearly from paganism, and not from the Bible.

Pagan Sunday worship, By their own admission, was also introduced from paganism, and this is confirmed by standard dictionary definitions.

The church took the pagan philosophy, and made it the buckler of faith against the heathen. She took the pagan Sunday, and made it the Christian Sunday. There is in truth something royal, something kingly about the sun, making in a fit emblem of Jesus, the son of justice. Hence the church in these countries would seem to have said, “keep the old pagan name. It shall remain consecrated, sanctified.’ And thus the pagan Sunday, dedicated to Balder, became the Christian Sunday, sacred to Jesus.

Sunday – so called because this day was anciently dedicated to the sun, or to its worship. The first day of the week.

Figure 3. Record of the origin of the Sunday worship in the book “Truth Matters”9).

2) Gnostics: Depreciation of Sabbath to Justify Their Own View

At that time, there was a mixed religion: Gnosticism.

The gnostics separated the god of the Old Testament and that of the New Testament; they considered the god of the Old Testament as an evil god who created the heavens and the earth, the materialistic world, and Jesus as a good saviour.

They insisted that the way to be saved is not by practising the law of the Old Testament, but by faith.

The system was eclectic and its materials were drawn from many quarters such as the mythologies of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and India, and from the philosophies and theosophies of these lands.

Figure 4. Christianity went through a lot of influence from other cultures and philosophies during the history, “Religion in Social Conflict” 10)

One famous Gnostic was Marcion of Sinope (A.D. 85-160). He regarded the Sabbath day as an abolished law and cursed it.

Presumably, Marcion wanted in this way to discredit the Sabbath, which was an image of the completion of creation. For him, creation was the work of the God of the OT who was evil.

Figure 5. Marcion had a very different belief on the Old Testament and the Sabbath, as seen in the book “Ecclesiasticus II: Orthodox Icons, Saints, Feasts and Prayer” 11).

Marcion actively insisted that they should celebrate a festival on “Sunday,” instead of the “Sabbath day,” since Jesus, the good Savior, was resurrected on Sunday.

3) Sunday Accepted as an Exit Out of Misery

The church which accepted Sunday was the church in Rome. They encouraged people to keep Sunday instead of the Sabbath.

The transformation of the Sabbath from a day of feasting, joy, and religious celebrations to a day of fasting, mourning, and no religious assembly represents concrete measures taken by the Church of Rome to force Christians away form the veneration of the Sabbath. On the other hand, this practice enhanced Sunday, a day of rejoicing and feasting when the Sabbath fast was over.

Figure 6. Record of how Sabbath was forcefully changed to Sunday worship in the book “The Sabbath in Scripture and History”12).

The Christians were sad and hungry on the Sabbath day, but Sunday was like a day of festivals. Sunday seemed like an exit for the Christians who had been suffering from long persecutions. They began to think that it was not necessary to insist only on keeping the Sabbath and to believe God in such a difficult way.

4) Blurring of Barriers Between Christians and Sun-god Worshipers

As more and more kept Sunday, both Christians and sun-god worshipers inclusive; the barrier between the two gradually broke down. Some worshipers of the sun converted to Christianity but still visited shrines for the sun-god and some Christians prayed towards the sun.

…Tertullian says that many pagans imagined the Christions worshipped the sun because they met on Sundays and prayed towards the East.

Figure 7. Evidence of inclusion between Christianity and sun-god worship from the book “The Early Church”13).

The Christians forgot their identity, whether they believed in God or worshipped the sun god. This was the result of losing the Sabbath.

Many converts to Christianity thought Jesus was just one of the many gods of the Roman empire, and some regarded Jesus as the sun god. Thus, we started seeing circles being drawn around Jesus and the apostles.

The Sabbath Day Disappeared

In A.D. 313, Constantine issued the Edict of Milan to establish religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. He even proclaimed Christianity as the official religion of Rome. What was the reason?

During the Battle of the Milvian Bridge (A.D. 312), Constantine and Maxentius were vying for the position of the emperor of Rome. Despite the military strength of Constantine being very weak, he won a great victory. The secret was “Christianity”.

According to legend, while Constantine was asleep, God appeared in his dream and told him to draw a sign, PX [Chi Rho], on the shields of his soldiers, promising him not to kill any soldier with the sign and to kill soldiers without the sign. At that time, many soldiers amongst his troops were Christians. It was likely that they won due to a raise in their morale due to the legend14).

After Constantine became emperor, he issued the Edict of Milan the following year, built churches, and exempted priests from taxes. Despite these pro-Christianity measures, it was hard to say that he had complete faith.

It was only as a superstitious soldier that he has embraced Christianity. At that moment he was ready to welcome the assistance of any tutelar divinity in his struggles for universal emprire.

Figure 8. Evidence suggesting the intention of Constantine embracing Christianity, from the “Miller’s Church History”15).

He witnessed the power of Christians in the battle and saw the possibility of uniting Rome through Christianity. Though he wanted to rule over Rome by taking advantage of Christianity, he could not ignore the pagans. He needed a policy which could embrace both religions, and he found his answer in “Sunday”.

First, he proclaimed it as the day to worship the sun so sun-worshippers could not reject to that. The Christians were just happy for the fact that they could gather together to worship.

Constantine had great ambitions since he was young. To achieve power, he even stooped to various cruel means. For example, he accused his son Crispus and had him seized and put to death, let his wife die in an overheated bath, had his sister’s son flogged to death and her husband choked to death17). That was why most historians say he did not authorize Christianity with a pure heart.

Constantine also continued attending sacrifices of the sun god and carrying out duties as priest of sun god until he died. One title he had was “Pontifex Maximus”.

Afterwards, the church became secularized and controlled by the Roman emperor according to his will.

Some people say that it is meaningless to nitpick the difference between Sunday and Sabbath, but the difference between the two is not just simply a day. Sunday is made by men and has nothing to do with salvation. Sabbath, on the other hand, contains God’s bountiful blessings.

[Conference]

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: As Seen in the New Testament

The Old Testament is a shadow of the New Testament (Hebrews 10:1). The Sabbath day in the Old Testament was called “the Sabbath of Jehovah” (Exodus 31:13; Ezekiel 20:12); whilst New Testament Sabbath was called “the Sabbath of Jesus” (Matthew 12:8; Luke 6:5).

New Covenant Sabbath is kept in Spirit and in Truth

The Sabbath Day in the Old Testament law is only a shadow, and the New Testament Sabbath taught by Jesus is the reality. The day on which the Sabbath was to be commemorated could never be changed as it was on the seventh day when God rested from all His creating work. However, the way for God’s people to keep the Sabbath day was changed in the New Testament times. In the Old Testament times, God’s people had to offer burnt offerings and could not even kindle a fire in their houses. However, in the New Testament times, people worship God in the Spirit and in truth.

God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”

John 4:24 

One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain. The Pharisees said to him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”… Then he [Jesus] said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Mark 2:23-27 
Old Testament
Shadow
New Testament
Reality
Offer burnt offerings
Do not work
Worship God in
Spirit and in truth

Jesus and the Apostles kept the Sabbath

In the New Testament times, we can see Jesus keeping the Sabbath, in the Spirit and in truth, reading from the Scriptures. There are also many records of the apostles keeping the Sabbath day, following the example of Jesus Christ.

He [Jesus] went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read…

Luke 4:16 

 As was his custom, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures…

Acts 17:2

 Every Sabbath he [Paul] reasoned in the synagogue, trying to persuade Jews and Greeks.

Acts 18:4

Jesus is “Lord of the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:8 and Luke 6:5). We can also see apostles keeping Jesus’ (Lord’s) day.

On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit…

Revelation 1:10

 For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.

Matthew 12:8

It is proven throughout the Scriptures that the Sabbath day—the seventh day, Saturday—was kept until the Apostolic Age. So why do many present-day Christians hold services on Sunday [the first day] and not on the Sabbath day? According to history, Sunday service originated from pagan sun-god worship. The Romans had been worshiping the sun-god on the first day [Sunday], recognising it as “the day of the sun”, even before the birth of Jesus.

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: Which Day of the Week is it?

Today, the days of the week are referred to as ‘Sunday, Monday, Tuesday …‘ and no longer as ‘first day, second day, third day …‘. In our present weekly system, which day of the week is the seventh day, the biblical Sabbath? We will examine this through various evidence.

Calendar

A calendar week has seven days. When we look at the calendar, we can see that Sunday is the first day and Saturday is the seventh day of the week.

Dictionary

According to the Oxford Dictionary, Sunday is defined as “the first day of the week”, whilst Saturday is defined as “the seventh day of the week”.

The Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, too, defines a week as “beginning on Sunday and ending on Saturday”.

Sunday … 1 the first day of the week, a Christian holiday and day of worship

Saturday … the seventh day of the week, following Friday.

The Concise Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1995

The Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, too, defines a week as “beginning on Sunday and ending on Saturday”.

week … a 7-day cycle beginning on the Sunday and ending on Saturday

Sun*day … the first day of the week

Sat*ur*day … the seventh day of the week

Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster lnc, 1995

Biblical records

Various Biblical records also show that “seventh day” in the Bible indicates Saturday in our present weekly system.

When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons.

Mark 16:9 NIV 

 After Jesus rose from the dead early on Sunday morning, the first person who saw him was Mary Magdalene, the woman from whom he had cast out seven demons.

Mark 16:9 NLT

The NIV Bible records that Jesus resurrected on the first day of the week. For the same verse, the NLT Bible expresses the day when Jesus resurrected as Sunday. That is why Christians in the world mostly celebrate the Resurrection Day on Sunday. When we compare this same verse in the two different versions of the Bible, we can understand that Sunday is the first day of the week. We can confirm this once more in the gospel of Luke.

On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb … He is not here; he has risen! …“

Luke 24:1-8 NIV

Very early on Sunday morning …

Luke 24:1 TEV

Since the first day of the week is Sunday, which day is the seventh day of the week, the biblical Sabbath, then?

Christian History

Among many denominations of Christianity, the Catholic Church acknowledges that the biblical Sabbath is on Saturday.

Third – A rule of faith, or a competent guide to heaven, must be able to instrust in all the truths neccessary for salvation. Now the Scriptures alone do not contain all the truths which a Christian is bound to believe, nor do they explicitly enjoin all the duties which he is obliged to practice. Not to mention other examples, is not every Christian obliged to sanctify Sunday and to abstain on that day from unnecessary servile work? Is not the observance of this law among the most prominent of our sacred duties? But you may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday.

The Faith of Our Fathers, James Cardinal Gibbons, Tan Books and Publishers, 1980, p72-73

Some Protestant churches also expressed that Saturday, not Sunday, is the actual worship day in the Bible.

All the aforementioned evidence points us to a clear fact: the seventh day, the biblical Sabbath is Saturday.

How, then, should we keep this holy and blessed day? In order to understand about this, we should first recognize that, in the Bible, there exists the old covenant Sabbath as well as the new covenant Sabbath. As people of the New Testament age, what we should adhere to is the law of the new covenant.

Category Bible Study>Bible Study>Sabbath Sabbath: Did Jesus Abolish the Sabbath Day?

On the Sabbath, Jesus and His disciples were at the grain field and His disciples were found to be picking grain. Upon seeing this, the Pharisees criticised Jesus and questioned Him, asking why His disciples were working on the Sabbath.

At that time Jesus went through the grain fields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry and began to pick some heads of grain and eat them. When the Pharisees saw this, they said to him, “Look! Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath.”

Matthew 12:1-2

In the Old Testament times, the Israelites were not allowed to work on the Sabbath day because it was a regulation of the old covenant (Exodus 20:8-11). Because of this, many Christians claim that we no longer need to keep the Sabbath day since Jesus’ disciples broke the regulations of the Sabbath.

However, is their insistence valid?

In the Bible, there are two laws. There exists the law of the old covenant which was established in the Old Testament times and the law of the new covenant which was established in the New Testament times. When Jesus came 2,000 years ago, He changed the law of the old covenant into the law of the new covenant, in accordance with the Bible’s prophecies.

The apostles explained this further in detail.

For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. But God found fault with the people and said: “The days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant and with the people of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord.

Hebrews 8:7-10

The first covenant refers to the old covenant.

By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.

Hebrews 8:13

If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood—and indeed the law given to the people established that priesthood—why was there still need for another priest to come, one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron? For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also.

Hebrews 7:11-12

There exists a changed law, which is the new covenant.

In the New Testament times, Jesus set an example for us by keeping the Sabbath of the new covenant.

He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom.

Luke 4:16 

Following the example of Jesus, the Early Church kept the Sabbath of the new covenant, in the New Testament times.

As was his custom, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, explaining and proving that the Messiah had to suffer and rise from the dead. “This Jesus I am proclaiming to you is the Messiah,” he said.

Acts 17:2-3

Even after Jesus’ crucifixion and ascension, Apostle Paul followed the example of Jesus and kept the Sabbath day as was his custom. This is to set an example for us that the Sabbath of the new covenant has to be kept in this age too.

According to the teachings of Jesus, the Sabbath must be kept until the end of the age.

Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again.

Matthew 24:20-21

Why do you think Jesus said to pray that our flight will not take place on the Sabbath and distinguished it from other days? This was because the Sabbath has to be kept until the end of the age.

Then why did Jesus allow his disciples to do physical work on the Sabbath? Let’s read on further!

Or haven’t you read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple desecrate the day and yet are innocent?

Matthew 12:5

Why did Jesus bring up the point of the priests working on the Sabbath day in his defence? During the Old Testament time, ordinary people were not allowed to work on the Sabbath. However, there were a special group of people who had to work on the Sabbath; they were the priests who offered holy sacrifices to God on the Sabbath day.

In the New Testament time, God’s people are referred to as the royal priesthood.

But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.

1 Peter 2:9

As members of the royal priesthood, the saints of God offer sacrifices to God on days of worship. In the Old Testament times, priests offer animal sacrifices to God on the Sabbath day (Numbers 28:9-10). In the New Testament times however, God’s people no longer offer animal sacrifices to God. Instead, Jesus taught us to worship God in Spirit and in truth.

Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.

John 4:23

Following the footsteps of Jesus, let us keep the Sabbath day holy and receive abundant blessings from God!